The cranial dura mater: a review of its history, embryology, and anatomy

Childs Nerv Syst. 2012 Jun;28(6):827-37. doi: 10.1007/s00381-012-1744-6. Epub 2012 Apr 15.


Introduction: The dura mater is important to the clinician as a barrier to the internal environment of the brain, and surgically, its anatomy should be well known to the neurosurgeon and clinician who interpret imaging.

Methods: The medical literature was reviewed in regard to the morphology and embryology of specifically, the intracranial dura mater. A historic review of this meningeal layer is also provided.

Conclusions: Knowledge of the cranial dura mater has a rich history. The embryology is complex, and the surgical anatomy of this layer and its specializations are important to the neurosurgeon.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / anatomy & histology*
  • Dura Mater / anatomy & histology*
  • Humans
  • Skull / anatomy & histology*