Minimal mesh repair for apical and anterior prolapse: initial anatomical and subjective outcomes

Int Urogynecol J. 2012 Dec;23(12):1753-61. doi: 10.1007/s00192-012-1780-5. Epub 2012 Apr 25.


Introduction and hypothesis: Here we describe anatomic and quality of life (QOL) outcomes of an anterior and apical compartment prolapse repair involving a reduced mesh implant size and apex-only fixation.

Methods: One hundred and fifteen patients undergoing the repair at a single urogynecology center were assessed using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) and inpatient chart reviews. A horizontal incision eliminated overlap with the mesh, and each sacrospinous ligament was approached anteriorly by blunt dissection. Recurrence was defined as apical (C), or anterior (Aa or Ba) ≥0, and secondary analyses were performed using POP-Q ≥ -1 as the anatomic threshold. Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI), Surgical Satisfaction Questionnaires (SSQ) and a dyspareunia symptom scale were analyzed pre- and postoperatively.

Results: Fifty-three women with uterus in situ demonstrated a combined anterior-apical recurrence rate of 1.89 %, including no anterior (Ba ≥ -1) and one apical (C ≥ -1) recurrence. Forty-seven women undergoing repair for vault prolapse had recurrence rates ranging from 0 % in those with prior hysterectomy to 4.2 % in those undergoing concurrent hysterectomy. The rate of mesh exposure was 3/115 (2.6 %), including two in women with concurrent hysterectomy. Self-reported dyspareunia was more common preoperatively (13.4 %) than postoperatively (9.3 %). PFDI scores improved in all domains, and 93 % completing the SSQ reported they were satisfied and would choose the surgery again.

Conclusions: This technique resulted in successful outcomes within both anterior and apical compartments with a low rate of mesh complication, and no cases required mesh removal or hospital readmission. High rates of satisfaction and improved condition-specific QOL were observed.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
  • Quality of Life
  • Surgical Mesh*
  • Uterine Prolapse / surgery*