Objective: To identify by an inductive statistical analysis mutually similar and clinically relevant clinicoplacental clusters.
Study design: Twenty-nine maternofetal and 49 placental variables have been retrospectively analyzed in a 3382 case clinicoplacental database using a hierarchical agglomerative Ward dendrogram and multidimensional scaling.
Results: The exploratory cluster analysis identified 9 clinicoplacental (macerated stillbirth, fetal growth restriction, placenta creta, acute fetal distress, uterine hypoxia, severe ascending infection, placental abruption, and mixed etiology [2 clusters]), 5 purely placental (regressive placental changes, excessive extravillous trophoblasts, placental hydrops, fetal thrombotic vasculopathy, stem obliterative endarteritis), and 1 purely clinical (fetal congenital malformations) statistically significant clusters/subclusters. The clusters of such variables like clinical umbilical cord compromise, preuterine and postuterine hypoxia, gross umbilical cord or gross chorionic disk abnormalities did not reveal statistically significant stability.
Conclusion: Although clinical usefulness of several well-established placental lesions has been confirmed, claims about high predictability of others have not.
Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.