Genome sequencing and cancer

Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2012 Jun;22(3):245-50. doi: 10.1016/j.gde.2012.03.005. Epub 2012 Apr 23.


New technologies for DNA sequencing, coupled with advanced analytical approaches, are now providing unprecedented speed and precision in decoding human genomes. This combination of technology and analysis, when applied to the study of cancer genomes, is revealing specific and novel information about the fundamental genetic mechanisms that underlie cancer's development and progression. This review outlines the history of the past several years of development in this realm, and discusses the current and future applications that will further elucidate cancer's genomic causes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Human / genetics*
  • Chromosomes, Human / metabolism
  • DNA, Neoplasm / analysis*
  • DNA, Neoplasm / genetics
  • Disease Progression
  • Genes, Neoplasm
  • Genetic Testing / methods
  • Genome, Human*
  • Genomics / methods
  • Humans
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Mutation
  • Neoplasm Metastasis / genetics
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / methods*


  • DNA, Neoplasm