[Genetic factors in etiology of uterine fibroids]

Ceska Gynekol. 2012 Feb;77(1):58-60.
[Article in Czech]


Uterine fibroids are the most common pelvic tumors in women of reproductive age. The cause of development of uterine fibroids is still unknown, however recent cytogenetic and genetic studies led to advancement in understanding of etiology of these tumors. In accordance with the latest findings up to 40% of uterine fibroids bear some chromosomal abnormalities. The most common are aberration of chromosomes 6, 7, 12 and 14. Uterine fibroids have been linked to mutations of fumarate hydratase (FH) gene. Germline mutations in FH gene cause autosomal dominant syndromes MCUL1 (multiple cutaneous and uterine leiomyomata) and HLRCC (hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer), characterized by multiple uterine and cutaneous leiomyomata and renal cancer. This paper reviews recent findings in the role of genetic in etiology of uterine fibroids.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Aberrations
  • Female
  • Fumarate Hydratase / genetics
  • Humans
  • Leiomyoma / genetics*
  • Mutation
  • Translocation, Genetic


  • Fumarate Hydratase