Background: Three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is more accurate than two-dimensional (2D) TEE in the qualitative assessment of mitral valve (MV) prolapse (MVP). However, the accuracy of 3D TEE in quantifying MV anatomy is less well studied, and its clinical relevance for MV repair is unknown.
Methods: The number of prolapsed segments, leaflet heights, and annular dimensions were assessed using 2D and 3D TEE and compared with surgical measurements in 50 patients (mean age, 61 ± 11 years) who underwent MV repair for mainly advanced MVP.
Results: Three-dimensional TEE was more accurate (92%-100%) than 2D TEE (80%-96%) in identifying prolapsed segments. Three-dimensional TEE and intraoperative measurements of leaflet height did not differ significantly, while 2D TEE significantly overestimated the height of the posterior segment P1 and the anterior segment A2. Three-dimensional TEE quantitative MV measurements were related to surgical technique: patients with more complex MVP (one vs two to four vs five or more prolapsed segments) showed progressive enlargement of annular anteroposterior (31 ± 5 vs 34 ± 4 vs 37 ± 6 mm, respectively, P = .02) and commissural diameters (40 ± 6 vs 44 ± 5 vs 50 ± 10 mm, respectively, P = .04) and needed increasingly complex MV repair with larger annuloplasty bands (60 ± 13 vs 67 ± 9 vs 72 ± 10 mm, P = .02) and more neochordae (7 ± 3 vs 12 ± 5 vs 26 ± 6, P < .01).
Conclusions: Measurements of MV anatomy on 3D TEE are accurate compared with surgical measurements. Quantitative MV characteristics, as assessed by 3D TEE, determined the complexity of MV repair.
Copyright © 2012 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.