Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) are capable of synthesizing nano-sized, intracellular membrane-bound magnetosomes. To learn more about the genetic factors involved in magnetosome formation, transposon mutagenesis was carried out by conjugation using a hyperactive mariner transposon to obtain nonmagnetic mutants of Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1. A mutant with defect in uvrA gene encoding the DNA binding subunit of the UvrABC complex responsible for the process of nucleotide excision repair, was obtained. Growth, magnetosome formation and maintenance of magnetosome island (MAI) were further analyzed in the absence of UvrA. Interruption of uvrA led to decreased capacity to form magnetosome when cultured in the presence of oxygen. The deficiency in UvrA also resulted in an accelerated loss of the MAI under aerobic conditions indicating that the nucleotide excision repair system guards against the instability of the MAI. The incapacity of MTB to efficiently initiate recombination mediated by RecA rescued the instability of MAI observed in uvrA mutant. Elevated recombination activity resulting from the accumulation of unrepaired mutations may thus account for the instability of MAI in the absence of UvrA.