Effects of supplemental training on fitness and aesthetic competence parameters in contemporary dance: a randomised controlled trial

Med Probl Perform Art. 2012 Mar;27(1):3-8.


Within aesthetic sports such as figure skating and rhythmic gymnastics, physical fitness has been shown to have positive benefits on performance outcomes. Presently the link between physical fitness and aesthetic contemporary dance performance has not been demonstrated within an intervention study. In this study, 24 females engaged in contemporary dance (age 27 ± 5.9 yrs; height 165.3 ± 4.8 cm; weight 59.2 ± 7.6 kg) were recruited and randomly assigned to either an exercise (n = 12) or a control group (n = 12). Three dancers withdrew during the study. The intervention group completed a 6-week conditioning programme comprising two 1-hr sessions of circuit and vibration training per week. The circuit training focused on local muscular endurance and aerobic conditioning and vibration training protocol concentrated on power. Repeated measures ANOVA revealed significant increases for the conditioning group in lower body muscular power (11%), upper body muscular endurance (22%), aerobic fitness (11%), and aesthetic competence (12%) (p < 0.05). The control group reported decreases in all the fitness parameters with the exception of aerobic fitness as well as a decrease in aesthetic competence (7%). A 6-week circuit and vibration training programme, which supplemented normal dance commitments, revealed significant increases in selected fitness components and a concomitant increase in aesthetic competence in contemporary professional and student dancers.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Dancing / physiology*
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Isometric Contraction / physiology
  • Male
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Physical Education and Training*
  • Physical Endurance
  • Physical Fitness
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Resistance Training / methods
  • Vibration*
  • Young Adult