Importance of salmonellae and Campylobacter jejuni in the etiology of diarrheal disease among children less than 5 years of age in a community in Bangkok, Thailand

J Clin Microbiol. 1990 Nov;28(11):2507-10. doi: 10.1128/jcm.28.11.2507-2510.1990.


The etiology of diarrhea in children less than 5 years of age in a low-income housing project in Bangkok, Thailand, was determined over 1 year. Nontyphoidal salmonellae (13%), Campylobacter jejuni (12%), rotavirus (12%), enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (7%), shigellae (6%), E. coli that hybridized with the enteropathogenic E. coli adherence factor probe (3%), and enteroinvasive E. coli (1%) were identified in 345 episodes of diarrhea in children less than 5 years of age. Salmonellae were identified in 17% and C. jejuni was identified in 15% of 54 children less than 6 months of age with diarrhea. Shigellae, enteroinvasive E. coli, enteropathogenic E. coli adherence factor, and enterotoxigenic E. coli were not isolated from children less than 6 months of age. Since salmonellae and C. jejuni were the most common bacterial pathogens identified in children less than 6 months of age, efforts to prevent transmission of salmonellae and campylobacter to young children should be a public health priority in Bangkok.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Campylobacter Infections / epidemiology
  • Campylobacter Infections / etiology*
  • Campylobacter jejuni* / pathogenicity
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diarrhea / epidemiology
  • Diarrhea / etiology*
  • Dysentery, Bacillary / epidemiology
  • Dysentery, Bacillary / etiology
  • Escherichia coli Infections / epidemiology
  • Escherichia coli Infections / etiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Rotavirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Rotavirus Infections / etiology
  • Salmonella Infections / epidemiology
  • Salmonella Infections / etiology*
  • Seasons
  • Thailand / epidemiology