In this meta-analysis, we examined interrelationships between characteristics of infant event-related potential (ERP) studies and their attrition rates. One-hundred and forty-nine published studies provided information on 314 experimental groups of which 181 provided data on attrition. A random effects meta-analysis revealed a high average attrition rate of 49.2%. Additionally, we used meta-regression for 178 groups with attrition data to analyze which variables best explained attrition variance. Our main findings were that the nature of the stimuli-visual, auditory, or combined as well as if stimuli were animated-influenced exclusion rates from the final analysis and that infant age did not alter attrition rates.