The utility of EEG band power analysis in the study of infancy and early childhood

Dev Neuropsychol. 2012;37(3):253-73. doi: 10.1080/87565641.2011.614663.


Research employing electroencephalographic (EEG) techniques with infants and young children has flourished in recent years due to increased interest in understanding the neural processes involved in early social and cognitive development. This review focuses on the functional characteristics of the alpha, theta, and gamma frequency bands in the developing EEG. Examples of how analyses of EEG band power have been applied to specific lines of developmental research are also discussed. These examples include recent work on the infant mu rhythm and action processing, frontal alpha asymmetry and approach-withdrawal tendencies, and EEG power measures in the study of early psychosocial adversity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / growth & development*
  • Brain Waves / physiology*
  • Child Development*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Electroencephalography* / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Infant