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Randomized Controlled Trial
. 2012 Aug;9(3):248-258.
doi: 10.1037/a0028048. Epub 2012 Apr 30.

Group-based Treatment for Internalized Stigma Among Persons With Severe Mental Illness: Findings From a Randomized Controlled Trial

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Free PMC article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Group-based Treatment for Internalized Stigma Among Persons With Severe Mental Illness: Findings From a Randomized Controlled Trial

Philip T Yanos et al. Psychol Serv. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Elevated internalized stigma is common and is linked to subjective and objective outcomes for severe mental illness. The authors developed a manualized group-based intervention (Narrative Enhancement/Cognitive Therapy; NECT) to address internalized stigma in severe mental illness. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of NECT. In total, 144 individuals were screened at two sites to evaluate if they met criteria for "elevated" internalized stigma; 39 and were eligible were randomized to NECT or to treatment as usual (TAU) and were assessed at baseline, posttreatment, and 3-month follow-up. Fifteen of the 21 individuals assigned to NECT were classified as "exposed" to treatment. Intent-to-treat analyses found no significant difference between the NECT and TAU groups. A comparison of exposed versus unexposed participants noted trends for exposed participants to have improved more in two aspects of self-stigma as well as insight. We conclude that NECT is feasible and tolerable, but findings did not support the hypothesis that NECT was more effective than TAU, although small sample size and significant dropout may have restricted the ability to detect an effect.

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Figure 1
Figure 1
Progression Through the Trial

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