Background: Primary care physicians are positioned to play an important role in changing physical activity and other health behaviour of their patients. However, little is known about the practice of physical activity promotion in German primary care settings and the factors associated with physical activity promotion.
Methods: 260 randomly selected physicians from the State Medical Association of Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, took part in this survey (response rate: 13.3%) and provided data on physical activity promotion (physical activity assessment and advice), attitudes towards health promotion and cooperation activities. Factors associated with physical activity promotion were identified using logistic regression.
Results: The physicians who replied had positive attitudes towards health promotion. However, 26.9% reported they had inadequate knowledge to provide counselling and 36.7% felt they were unsuccessful in motivating their patients to increase physical activity. Physical activity assessment and advice occurred in 54.9% of the physicians. Compared to their counterparts, physicians in large cities (odds ratio (OR) 3.93; and 95% confidence interval (95%CI): 1.55-9.99), those convinced to offer their patients a great deal in the way of lifestyle counselling (OR 1.92; 95%CI: 1.09-3.40) and those cooperating with sports clubs (OR 1.75; 95%CI: 1.03-2.96) were more likely to provide physical activity promotion.
Conclusion: There is a need for interventions to increase the frequency of physical activity promotion by primary care physicians. In particular physicians in rural regions should be assisted and cooperation activities with sports clubs or other health care providers should be encouraged.