One hundred and seventy-six biopsies of the gastric corpus and antrum from 97 patients were processed using classical and molecular methods in order to study the relationship between the factor cagA of Helicobacter pylori, bacterial load and morbidity. Bacterial load in patients with cagA was greater than in patients without it, both in the antrum and corpus (p<0.01). There was a statistically significant association between cagA and consumption of proton pump inhibitors (adjusted odds ratio 3.11). Haemorrhage of the upper digestive tract was more associated with bacterial load than with the cagA gene (adjusted odds ratio 2.34 and 1.12, respectively), but none of these associations yielded statistical significance.
© 2012 The Authors. Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2012 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.