Introduction: Positive pressure ventilation is considered first line therapy in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome however compliance is limited by various factors. We aimed to investigate possible factors influencing compliance.
Materials and methods: One hundred and forty patients were prescribed positive pressure ventilation for obstructive sleep apnea during June 2006-June 2008. Of these patients, 77% (n= 108) were reached by telephone and a questionnaire was administered regarding factors influencing treatment compliance. Airway passage was measured with C2 vertebrae level and narrowest airway passage on lateral skull radiographs.
Results: The mean age was 52.2 ± 12.3 years. Seventy one percent (n= 77) of subjects obtained the prescribed device. There was no difference in sex, age, marital status, educational level, symptoms, co-morbid conditions, and social security coverage between the subjects who have received the prescribed devices and who have not (p> 0.05). No difference was detected between these two groups of patients in view of Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) and apnea hypopnea index (AHI). Mean duration of device usage was 6.3 ± 2.3 hours. The device use compliance was not affected by any of the following factors: age, gender, level of education, co-morbid diseases, ESS score, AHI, airway passage measurements, application of humidification and education concerning the device (p> 0.05). Patient (p= 0.057) and bed partners (p= 0.001) satisfaction about the device yielded higher compliance rates.
Conclusion: Factors influencing compliance rates in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome seems to be related to satisfaction about the device use however upper airway morphology measured with C2 vertebrae level and narrowest airway passage has no impact on treatment compliance.