High urinary bisphenol A concentrations in workers and possible laboratory abnormalities

Occup Environ Med. 2012 Sep;69(9):679-84. doi: 10.1136/oemed-2011-100529. Epub 2012 May 5.


Objectives: Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used in epoxy resins in China. There are few reports on the adverse health effects of occupational exposure to BPA. This study examined associations between urinary BPA concentrations in workers and laboratory parameters for health status.

Methods: Spot urine checks at the end shift on Friday were used for cross-sectional analysis of BPA concentrations, and blood or urinary markers of liver function, glucose homeostasis, thyroid function and cardiovascular diseases were measured. The 28 participants were workers in two semiautomatic epoxy resin factories.

Results: The average urinary BPA concentration was 55.73±5.48 ng/ml (geometric mean ± geometric SD) (range 5.56-1934.85 ng/ml). After adjusting for urine creatinine (Cr), it was 31.96±4.42 μg/g Cr (geometric mean ± geometric SD) (range 4.61-1253.69 μg/g Cr). BPA feeding operators showed the highest concentrations, over 10 times those of the crushing and packing and office workers. Higher BPA concentrations were associated with clinically abnormal concentrations of FT3, FT4, TT3, TT4, thyroid-stimulating hormone, glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase and γ-glutamyl transferase. Workers with higher BPA concentrations showed higher FT3 concentrations (linear trend: p<0.001). Bivariate correlation tests for laboratory analytes within normal limits showed FT3 to be positively associated with logged BPA concentrations, r=0.57, p=0.002. FT4 was positively associated with lactate dehydrogenase, r=0.45, p=0.020, and insulin was positively associated with thyroid-stimulating hormone with r=0.57, p=0.009.

Conclusions: Higher occupational BPA exposure, reflected in urinary concentrations of BPA, may be associated with thyroid hormone disruption.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Air Pollutants, Occupational / adverse effects
  • Air Pollutants, Occupational / urine
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood
  • Benzhydryl Compounds
  • Chemical Industry*
  • China
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Epoxy Resins / chemistry
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood*
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / blood
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Occupational Exposure / analysis
  • Occupations
  • Phenols / adverse effects*
  • Phenols / urine
  • Thyroid Diseases / blood
  • Thyroid Diseases / etiology
  • Thyroid Hormones / blood*
  • Transferases / blood*
  • Young Adult
  • gamma-Glutamyltransferase / blood


  • Air Pollutants, Occupational
  • Benzhydryl Compounds
  • Epoxy Resins
  • Insulin
  • Phenols
  • Thyroid Hormones
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Transferases
  • gamma-Glutamyltransferase
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases
  • bisphenol A