Fascin Promotes Filopodia Formation Independent of Its Role in Actin Bundling

J Cell Biol. 2012 May 14;197(4):477-86. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201110135. Epub 2012 May 7.

Abstract

Fascin is an evolutionarily conserved actin-binding protein that plays a key role in forming filopodia. It is widely thought that this function involves fascin directly bundling actin filaments, which is controlled by an N-terminal regulatory serine residue. In this paper, by studying cellular processes in Drosophila melanogaster that require fascin activity, we identify a regulatory residue within the C-terminal region of the protein (S289). Unexpectedly, although mutation (S289A) of this residue disrupted the actin-bundling capacity of fascin, fascin S289A fully rescued filopodia formation in fascin mutant flies. Live imaging of migrating macrophages in vivo revealed that this mutation restricted the localization of fascin to the distal ends of filopodia. The corresponding mutation of human fascin (S274) similarly affected its interaction with actin and altered filopodia dynamics within carcinoma cells. These data reveal an evolutionarily conserved role for this regulatory region and unveil a function for fascin, uncoupled from actin bundling, at the distal end of filopodia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • Humans
  • Macrophages / metabolism
  • Microfilament Proteins / genetics
  • Microfilament Proteins / metabolism*
  • Pseudopodia / physiology*
  • Serine / genetics
  • Serine / metabolism

Substances

  • Actins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • fascin
  • Serine