The Perceived Efficacy and Goal Setting System (PEGS), part I: translation and cross-cultural adaptation to a Swedish context

Scand J Occup Ther. 2012 Nov;19(6):497-505. doi: 10.3109/11038128.2012.684221. Epub 2012 May 10.


Objective: To translate, adapt, and evaluate the applicability of the perceived efficacy and goal setting system (PEGS) for use in Sweden.

Method: Based on guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation of self-reports, the study was performed in several phases involving (i) translation and back-translation, (ii) pre-testing of the translated version, (iii) development of adjusted items and, finally, (iv) field testing of the proposed Swedish version. Participants were 63 parent-child dyads recruited through convenience sampling by 19 therapists.

Results: Overall, five items in the original PEGS required adaptation, and one new item was added. Using the Swedish version of the PEGS, both children and parents were able to identify individual strengths and weaknesses in the child's performance of daily tasks as well as to select goals for intervention.

Conclusions: The Swedish version of the PEGS thus showed evidence of validity based on test content and was applicable for use with children enrolled in paediatric rehabilitation who had a variety of disabilities and who were between five and 12 years of age.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Developmental Disabilities / ethnology
  • Developmental Disabilities / psychology*
  • Developmental Disabilities / rehabilitation
  • Female
  • Goals*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Sweden
  • Translations