Factors associated with experiences of stigma in a sample of HIV-positive, methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012 Sep 1;125(1-2):154-9. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.04.007. Epub 2012 May 8.

Abstract

Background: While methamphetamine users report high rates of internalized or self-stigma, few studies have examined experiences of stigma (i.e., stigmatization by others) and its correlates.

Methods: This study identified correlates of stigma experiences in a sample of 438 HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) who were enrolled in a sexual risk reduction intervention in San Diego, CA.

Results: Approximately 96% of the sample reported experiences of stigma related to their use of methamphetamine. In multiple regression analysis, experiences of stigma were associated with binge use of methamphetamine, injection drug use, increased anger symptoms, reduced emotional support, and lifetime treatment for methamphetamine use.

Conclusions: These findings suggest that experiences of stigma are common among methamphetamine users and that interventions to address this type of stigma and its correlates may offer social, psychological, and health benefits to HIV-positive methamphetamine-using MSM.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology
  • Alcohol Drinking / psychology
  • Amphetamine-Related Disorders / psychology*
  • Amphetamine-Related Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Anger
  • Depression / psychology
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors*
  • Educational Status
  • Employment
  • Ethnic Groups
  • HIV Infections / therapy
  • HIV Seropositivity / psychology*
  • Homeless Persons
  • Homosexuality, Male / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health
  • Methamphetamine*
  • Social Stigma*
  • Social Support
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Unsafe Sex

Substances

  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
  • Methamphetamine