Biological and chemical weapons of mass destruction: updated clinical therapeutic countermeasures since 2003

Am J Ther. 2009 Jan-Feb;16(1):35-43. doi: 10.1097/MJT.0b013e318160c3c8.


The objective of this article is to provide updated treatment options for bioterrorism agents. This updated synopsis includes recent clinical cases and treatment recommendations that have arisen in the last 5 years. The decontamination, treatment, and disposition of these biologic and chemical agents are presented alphabetically by agent type: biologic, chemical, and radiologic/nuclear. The information provided outlines only new treatment options since 2003.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Warfare Agents*
  • Bioterrorism*
  • Chemical Terrorism*
  • Chemical Warfare Agents / toxicity*
  • Decontamination / methods
  • Humans
  • Weapons of Mass Destruction


  • Biological Warfare Agents
  • Chemical Warfare Agents