A first-in-man study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of pasireotide (SOM230), a multireceptor-targeted somatostatin analog, in healthy volunteers

Drug Des Devel Ther. 2012:6:71-9. doi: 10.2147/DDDT.S29125. Epub 2012 Apr 19.


Pasireotide (SOM230) is a multireceptor-targeted somatostatin analog with high binding affinity for four of the five somatostatin receptor subtypes (sst(1,2,3) and sst(5)), and potential clinical activity in several neuroendocrine and oncologic conditions, including acromegaly, Cushing's disease, and neuroendocrine tumors (NET). This manuscript reports the first-in-man dose-escalation study of pasireotide, evaluating its safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) in healthy male volunteers. A single dose of pasireotide 1-1200 μg was administered subcutaneously in four to eight subjects per dose level, with two additional subjects per cohort administered placebo. PK and safety evaluations were carried out over 7 days post-dose. Growth hormone (GH) suppression was evaluated using a GH-releasing hormone stimulation test on Day -1 and Day 1 at 3-5 hours post-injection. Seventy-two subjects completed the study. Pasireotide was well tolerated with no serious adverse events observed at any dose. Transient elevations in blood glucose levels were observed 2-6 hours after administration of pasireotide at doses between 200 μg and 1200 μg, but this resolved without intervention by 23 hours post-dosing. The maximum tolerable dose was not established within the tested range. Pasireotide demonstrated a favorable PK profile with fast absorption (t(max): 0.25-0.5 hours), low clearance (CL/F: 8-13 L/hour), long effective elimination half-life (mean t(½,β): 7-11 hours), and a proportional dose-exposure relationship. GH suppression of 79%-96% was observed at single pasireotide doses between 200 μg and 1200 μg. In conclusion, pasireotide demonstrated favorable safety, tolerability, and PK profiles, as well as promising activity in suppressing the release of GH. The efficacy and safety of pasireotide is currently being evaluated in patients with acromegaly, Cushing's disease, NET, and various non-neuroendocrine disorders.

Keywords: healthy volunteers; pasireotide; pharmacokinetics; safety; tolerability.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Area Under Curve
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Human Growth Hormone / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Somatostatin / adverse effects
  • Somatostatin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Somatostatin / pharmacokinetics


  • Human Growth Hormone
  • Somatostatin
  • pasireotide