Prevalence and correlates of gender-based violence among female university students in Northern Nigeria

Afr J Reprod Health. 2011 Sep;15(3):111-9.


Gender-based violence (GBV) is a major public health and human rights problem worldwide. The extent of this problem in educational institutions has not been explored in Northern Nigeria. Using self administered questionnaires, we determined the prevalence and risk factors for gender-based violence among 300 female university students in Kano, Northern Nigeria. The overall prevalence of gender-based violence was 58.8% [95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 52.9% to 64.5%]. Specifically, 22.8%, 22.2% and 50.8% of students experienced physical, sexual or emotional violence respectively. Religious affiliation ethnicity, indigeneship, marital status, campus residence and faculty affiliation were significant predictors of GBV. GBV awareness creation programs, legal protection and implementation of an effective redress mechanism are recommended to curb this menace.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Nigeria
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Offenses / prevention & control
  • Sex Offenses / statistics & numerical data*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Universities
  • Violence / prevention & control
  • Violence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult