Transformation by v-H-ras does not restore proliferation of a set of temperature-sensitive cell-cycle mutants of rat 3Y1 fibroblasts

Cell Struct Funct. 1990 Aug;15(4):211-9. doi: 10.1247/csf.15.211.

Abstract

Three temperature-sensitive cell-cycle mutants of rat 3Y1 fibroblasts (3Y1tsD123, 3Y1tsG125, and 3Y1tsH203, each belonging to distinct complementation groups) were transformed with plasmid DNA carrying Harvey murine sarcoma virus cDNA. The criteria for transformation were increase in saturation cell density, capability to clone in soft agar, and alteration in the cellular morphology. At 39.8 degrees C (restrictive temperature of the parental cell lines), all the transformed sublines of each mutant ceased to proliferate and were arrested reversibly in the G1 phase of the cell cycle like the parental lines. At both 39.8 degrees C and 33.8 degrees C (permissive temperature for the parental lines), all the untransformed parental lines synthesized p21ras at low rate. At 33.8 degrees C, all the transformed sublines synthesized p21ras at much higher rate and expressed the morphological phenotype characteristic to v-H-ras-induced transformation. At 39.8 degrees C, the rate of p21ras synthesis was not changed in the transformed sublines of 3Y1tsD123 and 3Y1tsG125, and the morphology of transformed phenotype also remained intact. In the transformed subline of 3Y1tsH203, the rate of p21ras synthesis was lowered at 39.8 degrees C to that seen in the untransformed parental line, and the transformed phenotype in morphology disappeared. In all of the transformed sublines, the amount of v-H-ras mRNA markedly expressed at both 33.8 degrees C and 39.8 degrees C.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Transformation, Viral*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Female
  • Fibroblasts / cytology*
  • Genes, ras*
  • Harvey murine sarcoma virus
  • Interphase / genetics
  • Mutation*
  • Oncogene Protein p21(ras) / biosynthesis
  • Rats
  • Temperature
  • Transfection

Substances

  • Oncogene Protein p21(ras)