Central venous catheters for hemodialysis remain an indispensable modality of vascular access in the United States. Despite strong recommendations by the NKF-KDOQI guidelines to reduce the dependence on catheters, > 80% of all patients initiate hemodialysis using a central venous catheter. Although the tunneled dialysis catheters have some advantages, their disadvantages are many and often dwarf the miniscule advantages. This review is intended to discuss the complications--both acute and chronic--related to the use of tunneled dialysis catheters for hemodialysis access.
Copyright © 2012 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.