Background: Use of donation after cardiac death (DCD) donors has been proposed as an effective way to expand the availability of hepatic allografts used in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT); yet, there remains no consensus in the medical literature as to how to choose optimal recipients and donors based on available information.
Methods: We queried the United Network of Organ Sharing/Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network database for hepatic DCD allografts used in OLT. As of March 31, 2011, 85,148 patients received hepatic allografts from donation-after-brain-death (DBD) donors, and 2351 patients received hepatic allografts from DCD donors. We performed survival analysis using log-rank and Kaplan-Meier tests. We performed univariate and multivariate analyses using the Cox proportional hazards model. All statistics were performed with SPSS 15.0.
Results: Patients receiving hepatic DCD allografts had significantly worse survival compared with patients receiving hepatic DBD allografts. Pediatric patients who received a hepatic DCD allograft had similar survival to those who received a hepatic DBD allograft. The optimal recipient-related characteristics were age <50 y, International Normalized Ratio <2.0, albumin >3.5 gm/dL, and cold ischemia time <8 h; optimal donor-related characteristics included age <50 y and donor warm ischemia time <20 min.
Conclusions: By identifying certain characteristics, the transplant clinician's decision-making process can be assisted so that similar survival outcomes after OLT can be achieved with the use of hepatic DCD allografts.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.