Nutritional and fluid requirements: high-output stomas

Br J Nurs. 2012 Mar 22-Apr 11;21(6):S22-5. doi: 10.12968/bjon.2012.21.Sup6.S22.

Abstract

Based on the current available evidence, this article explores the nutritional management of those with a high-output stoma. The main alterations required to the intake of patients with a high-output stoma include the use of an oral rehydration solution to ensure optimum absorption of fluid and sodium, and a high-calorie, high-protein diet, with the aim of optimizing nutritional status. Diet advice should be delivered by a dietitian with experience in managing these complex patients. Monitoring of electrolytes and micronutrients is essential, and long-term follow up from a multidisciplinary nutrition support team is invaluable in coordinating this. Patients with high-output stomas can enjoy good quality of life and long-term health if their condition is managed effectively by a well-organized multidisciplinary team.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Malnutrition / nursing
  • Malnutrition / prevention & control*
  • Nutritional Support / nursing*
  • Ostomy / nursing*
  • Specialties, Nursing / methods*
  • Water-Electrolyte Balance*