Maternal intimate partner violence victimization and under-five children mortality in Western Ethiopia: a case-control study

J Trop Pediatr. 2012 Dec;58(6):467-74. doi: 10.1093/tropej/fms018. Epub 2012 May 15.


Objective: This study aimed to compare the association between maternal intimate partner violence and under-five mortality.

Methods: Matched case-control study was conducted from May to June 2011. A sample of 286 cases and 572 controls were randomly selected from East Wollega Zone, West Ethiopia.

Results: Among cases, 72.7% ever experienced controlling behaviors when compared to 62.4% for controls. All forms of maternal intimate partner violence were experienced by 61.9% of cases and 50.9% of controls. Controlling behavior in marriage and experiences of all forms of intimate partner violence during lifetime were more than four [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 4.27, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.97-18.89), and two (AOR = 2.55, 95% CI 1.66-3.92) times as likely to be associated with under-five mortality.

Conclusion: Maternal intimate partner violence victimization is strongly associated with under-five mortality. Involving men in maternal and child health programs could be one strategy to address the issue of intimate partner violence against women.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child Mortality*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Crime Victims / psychology*
  • Ethiopia / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Mortality*
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mothers*
  • Population Surveillance
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural Population
  • Sexual Partners
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Spouse Abuse / psychology
  • Spouse Abuse / statistics & numerical data*
  • Urban Population
  • Young Adult