Chest wall deformities in pediatric surgery

Surg Clin North Am. 2012 Jun;92(3):669-84, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.suc.2012.03.001. Epub 2012 Apr 17.


Chest wall deformities can be divided into 2 main categories, congenital and acquired. Congenital chest wall deformities may present any time between birth and early adolescence. Acquired chest wall deformities typically follow prior chest surgery or a posterolateral diaphragmatic hernia repair (Bochdalek). The most common chest wall deformities are congenital pectus excavatum (88%) and pectus carinatum (5%). This article addresses the etiology, pathophysiology, clinical evaluation, diagnosis, and management of these deformities.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Funnel Chest / diagnosis
  • Funnel Chest / etiology
  • Funnel Chest / physiopathology
  • Funnel Chest / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Orthopedic Procedures
  • Sternum / abnormalities*
  • Sternum / surgery
  • Thoracic Surgical Procedures*
  • Thoracic Wall / abnormalities*
  • Thoracic Wall / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome