Purpose: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy as primary treatment for subfoveal myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV).
Methods: In all, 37 treatment-naïve eyes of 37 patients with subfoveal myopic CNV who received intravitreal bevacizumab (n=22) or ranibizumab (n=15) injections with at least 2 years of follow-up were reviewed. All eyes received initial three loading doses of anti-VEGF at monthly intervals and retreatment was performed in persistent or recurrent CNV. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to determine the prognostic factors for visual outcome.
Results: The mean age was 57.3 years and the mean refractive error was -11.7 D. For all eyes, the mean logMAR best-corrected visual acuity improved from 0.86 (20/145) at baseline to 0.48 (20/60) at 2 years (P<0.001). The mean visual improvement for the bevacizumab and ranibizumab groups at 2 years was 2.8 and 5.1 lines, respectively (P=0.073). There was no significant difference in the proportion of eyes having visual gain of three or more lines or visual loss of three or more lines between the two groups. The mean number of injections was 3.8 for both bevacizumab and ranibizumab groups. Multivariate analyses showed that eyes with higher myopic refractive error were less likely to have visual gain after treatment (P=0.043), while size of CNV was negatively correlated with mean change in vision (P=0.046).
Conclusions: Intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy resulted in long-term visual improvement in myopic CNV. The treatment efficacy in terms of visual gain and number of retreatment appeared to be similar between bevacizumab and ranibizumab.