Refractive errors in Singapore medical students

Singapore Med J. 1990 Oct;31(5):472-3.


The refraction of 128 third-year medical students aged 20-22 was studied using a Topcon autorefractometer. The population was predominantly Chinese and comprised 44% females and 56% males. The mean refractive error was -3.75 D for males and -4.76D for females. In all, 82% of the students were myopic, 72% were found to have astigmatism. This study confirms clinical impressions that Singapore students have one of the highest prevalence rates of myopia and astigmatism in the world.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Astigmatism / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Myopia / epidemiology*
  • Singapore / epidemiology
  • Students, Medical*