Background: The purpose of this study was to review the results of conventional transoral resection and neck dissection for stage I to II squamous carcinoma of the tonsillar region.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 65 patients (stage I, 21 patients; stage II, 44 patients). Induction chemotherapy and postoperative radiation therapy (RT) were administered in 76.9% and 12.3%, respectively, of these cases.
Results: The postoperative course was uneventful in 96.9% of patients. Five-year actuarial estimates for local recurrence, nodal recurrence, distant metastasis, and survival were 0% to 7.6%, 0% to 7.8%, 0% to 7.3%, and 70.8% to 71.5% for patients with T1 to T2 carcinoma, respectively. Contralateral and retropharyngeal recurrence occurred in only 1 patient.
Conclusion: Conventional transoral resection with ipsilateral neck dissection provides an alternative approach for patients with stage I to II squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the tonsillar region. A primary surgical approach spares the use of radiotherapy to eliminate late effects and to permit its use for subsequent management of metachronous head and neck second primary cancer.
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