A heteromorphism of the short arm of 16 (16p+) was discovered in 2 unrelated infants. By G banding, the euchromatic variant appears as a light and a medium dark band just distal to the centromere. This results in an increase of the short arm by about 1/3. The same variant was present in the normal father and the normal paternal grandmother in one family and mildly retarded mother in the 2nd family. The anomalies of the 2 infants are not similar and are apparently unrelated to the 16p+ variant. Though the discovery of such euchromatic variants is highly significant for clinical diagnosis, their genetic significance and mode of origin remain to be elucidated.