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, 259 (6 Pt 1), E770-7

Mechanisms of Starvation Diabetes: A Study With Double Tracer and Indirect Calorimetry

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Mechanisms of Starvation Diabetes: A Study With Double Tracer and Indirect Calorimetry

F Fery et al. Am J Physiol.

Abstract

To analyze the mechanisms of fasting-induced glucose intolerance, glucose metabolism was studied before and after the ingestion of 75 g glucose in 24 normal subjects fasted for either 14 h (n = 12) or 4 days (n = 12). The techniques included intravenous infusion of [6-3H]glucose and oral administration of [1-14C]glucose combined with indirect calorimetry. Compared with the controls, the starved subjects exhibited the following differences in glucose metabolism during the 5 h after glucose ingestion. 1) Mean incremental levels were fourfold higher for glucose and 40% higher for insulin. 2) Absorption of oral glucose was delayed and prolonged, but total amount reaching systemic circulation in 5 h was identical in the two groups (approximately 63 g). 3) Suppression of hepatic glucose output was reduced (-12 +/- 1 vs. -22 +/- 2 g). 4) Consequently, the increment in peripheral appearance of total glucose (exogenous plus endogenous) was augmented (+ 52 +/- 2 vs. +41 +/- 2 g). 5) Mean glucose clearance increased significantly less (+28 +/- 7 vs. +96 +/- 10 ml/min). 6) Oxidation of oral glucose was reduced (9 +/- 2 vs. 36 +/- 3 g), and nonoxidative disposal (presumably storage) was enhanced (56 +/- 2 vs. 36 +/- 3 g) in the presence of an elevated fat oxidation (35 +/- 2 vs. 22 +/- 4 g). Thus the alterations in glucose homeostasis responsible for the starvation-induced glucose intolerance are located both at the splanchnic (hepatic) and peripheral levels.

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