Occupational physical activity and risk of coronary heart disease among active and non-active working-women of North Dakota: a Go Red North Dakota Study

Anthropol Anz. 2012;69(2):201-19. doi: 10.1127/0003-5548/2011/0111.


Currently less than half of the US adults meet physical activity (PA) recommendations, yet many more are sedentary in their occupations. Sedentary workers may therefore be at elevated risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). Therefore, the objective of the study is to examine the relationship of CHD risk with occupational PA (OCPA) and leisure time PA (LTPA) among working-women. The 10-year CHD risk and relative risk scores were calculated for 642 working-women. Self-report questionnaire determined levels of OCPA and LTPA. Biometric data were directly collected on all women. No direct relationship for OCPA and 'high risk' of CHD was determined. Insufficient LTPA was significantly associated with greater prevalence of 'high risk' of CHD. No dose response relationship was determined with PA and CHD risk. The odds of being 'high risk' were significantly greater for sedentary workers with insufficient LTPA compared to sufficient LTPA. The odds for being 'high risk' were similar among moderately active or heavy working women completing insufficient LTPA compared to women doing sufficient LTPA. For women with sedentary occupations, a sufficient amount of LTPA is essential to reduce CHD risk. Women in moderate to heavy working occupations may be acquiring adequate amounts of PA to minimize CHD risk.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Coronary Disease / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leisure Activities
  • Logistic Models
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Activity
  • North Dakota / epidemiology
  • Occupations / statistics & numerical data*
  • Odds Ratio
  • Risk Factors
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Women, Working / statistics & numerical data*