Case management and supportive treatment for patients with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012 Sep;12(9):805-11. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2011.0896. Epub 2012 May 18.


Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne infection which has been increasing in Turkey and European countries since the year 2000. The disease is particularly endemic in the Middle East and in some African countries. It is also seen in European countries as a travel infection. Patients with confirmed diagnosis are usually hospitalized for monitoring, while patients with good overall condition may be monitored on an outpatient basis. Hospitals that manage CCHF should have easy access to a blood bank, and tertiary care hospitals must have a well-equipped intensive care unit. Strict blood and body fluid control precautions should be started on admission to limit CCHF exposure. The follow-up period for each patient is determined based on individual clinical status and laboratory values. Since there is no specific antiviral treatment for CCHF, supportive treatment is essential. This review highlights some of the major features of case monitoring and supportive treatment in CCHF.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Case Management*
  • Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Crimean-Congo / isolation & purification*
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean / diagnosis
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean / therapy*
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean / transmission
  • Humans