The development of conjugate vaccines has enabled the prevention and control of Neisseria meningitidis caused by serogroups A, C, W-135 and Y. Vaccines that provide protection against a broad number of serogroup B strains likely will be available soon to enable greater control of meningococcal disease in high income countries. We present an argument for adequate post-marketing surveillance to monitor epidemiological shifts and to provide a context for the safety and reactogenicity of serogroup B vaccines, including the newer recombinant vaccines. We also offer a series of recommendations to address possible concerns about vaccine safety.
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