The aim of this study is to develop an effective growth factor releasing scaffold-microsphere system for promoting periodontal tissue engineering. Bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6)-loaded alginate microspheres in narrow size distribution were produced by optimising electrospraying conditions. The addition of these microspheres to chitosan gels produced a novel scaffold in which not only the pore sizes and interconnectivity were preserved, but also a controlled release vehicle was generated. Loading capacity was adjusted as 50 ng or 100 ng BMP-6 for each scaffold and the controlled release behaviour of BMP-6 from chitosan scaffolds was observed during seven days. Cell culture studies were carried out with rat mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow in three groups; chitosan scaffolds, chitosan scaffolds containing BMP-6-loaded alginate microspheres and chitosan scaffolds with free BMP-6 in culture medium. Results showed that controlled delivery of BMP-6 from alginate microspheres has a significant effect on osteogenic differentiation.