Shoulder rotational profiles in young healthy elite female and male badminton players

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2014 Feb;24(1):122-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2012.01480.x. Epub 2012 May 22.


The aim of the present study was to profile shoulder passive range of motion (ROM) and isometric strength for external (ER) and internal (IR) rotation as part of a preseason screening in adolescent national badminton players. Passive external range of motion (EROM) and internal range of motion (IROM) were examined on the dominant and nondominant shoulder in 31 adolescent national badminton players (12 females and 19 males) with a standard goniometer. Muscle strength was examined with a hand-held dynamometer in ER and IR. Total range of motion (TROM = EROM+IROM) was lower on the dominant side compared with the nondominant side in both groups (P < 0.001). Males were generally stronger than females in all strength measurements except for IR on the dominant side (P < 0.01). In females, IR dominant side strength was greater compared with IR on the nondominant side (P < 0.05). TROM was reduced on the dominant side compared with the nondominant side in young elite badminton players, irrespective of gender. No rotational strength differences existed between the dominant and nondominant side in male players, but in female players a higher IR strength on the dominant side was not balanced by a higher ER strength.

Keywords: ROM; adaptation; badminton; elite; gender; shoulder; strength.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Arm / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Racquet Sports / physiology*
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology*
  • Rotation*
  • Shoulder Joint / physiology*