"It's like our own little world": resilience as a factor in participating in the Ballroom community subculture

AIDS Behav. 2013 May;17(4):1524-39. doi: 10.1007/s10461-012-0205-2.


We are well into the third decade of the HIV epidemic. While strides have been made in HIV prevention, rates for African American men who have sex with men (AAMSM) and young AAMSM continue to increase-perhaps indicating that traditional deficit-approaches of HIV prevention are not effective for all populations. Following a recent call to investigate the resiliency of young gay men, this study identifies sources of resilience and strength within the House and Ball communities, a subculture comprised primarily of AAMSM. The mixed-methods design included survey data (N = 263) collected at community events, interviews with Ball attendees and focus group data with House members. Survey data indicate a relationship between participating in the House and Ball communities and seeking support, acceptance and entertainment. Qualitative data validate these findings and provide detail on motivations for AAMSM to participate and the perceived benefits of participation. Findings are discussed in relation to building strengths-based interventions, using concepts of resiliency including shamelessness, social creativity, social support and volunteerism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Black or African American / psychology*
  • Focus Groups
  • HIV Infections / ethnology
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Homosexuality, Male / ethnology*
  • Homosexuality, Male / psychology
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Qualitative Research
  • Resilience, Psychological*
  • Social Networking
  • Social Perception
  • Social Support
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult