Aims: With developments of etiology of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) and genome-wide association study (GWAS) of stroke, the genetic studies of CSVD are focused on genes related to blood-brain barrier (BBB) and aging. The project aims to investigate the association between CSVD and susceptibility loci and candidate genes.
Methods: All study subjects admitted Beijing Tiantan Hospital from June 2009 to September 2010 including 197 cerebral small vessel disease patients(S), 198 large artery atherosclerosis control individuals (vascular stenotic rate ≥50% diameter reduction) (L), 200 hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage control individuals (H) and 197 stroke-free control individuals (C). 15 SNPs in 4 genes (MYLK, AQP4, NINJ2, and INK4/ARF) were genotyped using Multiplex Snapshot assay. Each SNP was first examined between the groups S and C in different genetic models (codominant, dominant, recessive, overdominant, and log-additive). Permutation correction was used to adjust for multiple testing. The significant SNP loci were further analyzed in comparing S with L and H, respectively. Subgroup analysis was also performed for each risk-factor category.
Results: Among the 15 SNPs, rs2222823 and rs2811712 were found to be significantly associated with CSVD after multiple-testing adjustment. The heterozygote (A/T) of rs2222823 of MYLK has an odds ratio of 0.52 (95% CI =[0.35, 0.79], P= 0.002, adjusted P= 0.031) when compared with homozygotes. The heterozygote (C/T) of rs2811712 of INK4/ARF has an odds ratio of 1.75 (95% CI =[1.13-2.71], P= 0.004, adjusted P= 0.050). The SNP rs2222823 was significant (P= 0.035) in comparing S with H. In comparing S versus L, it is significant for the subgroups of patients without diabetes (P= 0.012) and drinking (P= 0.018). rs2811712 was significant in comparing S with L for the subgroups of patients with hyperlipidemia (P= 0.029) and drinking (P= 0.04).
Conclusion: The heterozygotes (T/A) at the rs2222823 SNP locus of MYLK gene decreases the risk of having cerebral small vessel disease, while the heterozygotes (C/T) at the rs2811712 SNP locus of INK4/ARF gene increases the risk, suggesting that the MYLK and INK4/ARF are the associated genes of cerebral small vessel disease in Han Chinese population.
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.