High singleton live birth rate confirmed after ovulation induction in women with anovulatory polycystic ovary syndrome: validation of a prediction model for clinical practice

Fertil Steril. 2012 Sep;98(3):761-768.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.04.027. Epub 2012 May 24.


Objective: To evaluate the cumulative singleton live birth rate after classic ovulation induction in women with anovulatory polycystic ovary syndrome and to validate a previously developed prediction model.

Design: Prospective follow-up study.

Setting: Tertiary infertility unit.

Patient(s): Validation cohort of 108 treatment-naïve anovulatory PCOS patients.

Intervention(s): Conventional ovulation induction, applying clomiphene citrate as first-line treatment, followed by exogenous gonadotropins as second-line intervention.

Main outcome measure(s): Singleton live birth prediction. Model calibration and discrimination were assessed for the initial model (variables included age, duration of infertility, and insulin/glucose ratio) and a second model in which the insulin/glucose ratio was replaced by body mass index.

Result(s): The cumulative singleton live birth rate after 12 and 24 months was 60% and 78%, respectively. Overall, the observed rates were higher than predicted: hazard ratio 1.21 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.89, 1.64), first model and 1.25 (95% CI 1.20, 1.30), second model. However, the predictive capacity of the model variables was reliable, with calibration slopes of 0.79 (95% CI -0.04, 1.63) and 1.06 (95% CI 0.95, 1.18), respectively.

Conclusion(s): The present study confirms the previously reported good treatment prognosis for women with PCOS undergoing classic ovulation induction. Women with a poor prognosis, for whom alternative treatment options may be considered, can best be identified by a prediction model including age, duration of infertility, and body mass index.

Clinical trial registration number: NCT00821379.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Body Mass Index
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Live Birth / epidemiology*
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Ovulation Induction*
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / physiopathology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Prospective Studies

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00821379