The Stat3/GR interaction code: predictive value of direct/indirect DNA recruitment for transcription outcome

Mol Cell. 2012 Jul 13;47(1):38-49. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2012.04.021. Epub 2012 May 24.


Transcription factor recruitment to genomic sites of action is primarily due to direct protein:DNA interactions. The subsequent recruitment of coregulatory complexes leads to either transcriptional activation or repression. In contrast to this canonical scheme, some transcription factors, such as the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), behave as transcriptional repressors when recruited to target genes through protein tethering. We have investigated the genome-wide prevalence of tethering between GR and Stat3 and found nonreciprocal interactions, namely that GR tethering to DNA-bound Stat3 results in transcriptional repression, whereas Stat3 tethering to GR results in synergism. Further, other schemes of GR and Stat3 corecruitment to regulatory modules result in transcriptional synergism, including neighboring and composite binding sites. The results indicate extensive transcriptional interactions between Stat3 and GR; further, they provide a genome-wide assessment of transcriptional regulation by tethering and a molecular basis for integration of signals mediated by GR and Stats in health and disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites / genetics
  • Cell Line
  • Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Gene Library
  • Mice
  • Mutation
  • Protein Binding
  • RNA Interference
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid / genetics
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid / metabolism*
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor / genetics
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor / metabolism*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Transcription, Genetic


  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • DNA

Associated data

  • GEO/GSE37235