Vaccination against viral hepatitis of HIV-1 infected patients

Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2012 May;8(5):554-9. doi: 10.4161/hv.19105. Epub 2012 May 1.


Reciprocal interactions between HIV and HAV or HBV can increase risk of morbidity and mortality in HIV disease and/or worsened the natural course of the hepatitis viruses. Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended for HIV infected patients at risk for exposure or severe disease: men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, patients with chronic liver disease and patients traveling in high endemic countries. As for healthy adults the scheme of vaccination is two doses 6 or 12 mo apart, nevertheless, seroconversion rates are lower. A third dose could improve the seroconversion rates. Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all HIV infected persons lacking prior immunity. As the immune response to hepatitis B vaccines is impaired in HIV-infected adults, four double doses of hepatitis B vaccine could enhance serological response. To assume a higher immune response, vaccines should be administered in HIV-infected patients with undetectable HIV viral load and high CD4 cell count.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count
  • HIV Infections / immunology*
  • HIV-1 / isolation & purification
  • Hepatitis A / prevention & control*
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines / immunology*
  • Hepatitis B / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Viral Load


  • Hepatitis A Vaccines