Writing a research abstract: eloquence in miniature

Int Angiol. 2012 Jun;31(3):297-302.


Abstracts are summaries, usually of a full article or conference presentation, and may be classified into structured and unstructured ones. The former have a predefined layout necessitating the use of headings. Most journals and conferences now use the structured abstract format. Research abstracts are increasingly vital for scientific communication and are expected to continue playing a key role for the dissemination of medicine in the near future. Abstracts take time and need meticulous preparation. They must aptly summarise the content of the study or presentation and avoid vague statements and poor style. Moreover, they must comply with provided instructions. Finally, they should be pleasant to read and encourage study of the corresponding full work.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abstracting and Indexing / methods*
  • Abstracting and Indexing / standards*
  • Periodicals as Topic
  • Publishing
  • Writing / standards*