Inhibitory effect of antioxidant-rich marinades on the formation of heterocyclic aromatic amines in pan-fried beef

J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Jun 20;60(24):6235-40. doi: 10.1021/jf302227b. Epub 2012 Jun 6.


The inhibitory effect of antioxidant-rich marinades containing beer and white wine (with/without alcohol) alone or mixed with herbs commonly used as meat flavoring (garlic, ginger, thyme, rosemary, and red chili pepper) on the formation of heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAs) in pan-fried beef was studied. Radical-scavenging activity was evaluated by DPPH assay, before the addition of meat to the marinade (T0) and after 4 h of meat marinating (T4). At T0, wine with herbs possessed the highest scavenging activity (73.5%), followed by wine (72.5%), dealcoholized wine with herbs (53.4%), beer and herbs (41.7%), dealcoholized wine (39.6%), and beer (25.9%). At T4, a decrease in the radical-scavenging activity of all marinades was observed, although with a similar radical-scavenging profile. All of the six marinades under the study reduced the total amount of HAs, keeping meat with good overall sensory quality. Beer marinades were more efficient than white wine marinades, and the addition of herbs provided a superior inhibitory effect, reducing around 90% of HAs. No correlation was observed between radical-scavenging activity of marinades and total or individual HAs formation. Herbs explained around 30% of inhibition of PhIP formation, whereas alcohol increased PhIP formation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amines / analysis
  • Amines / chemistry*
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Beer
  • Cattle
  • Ethanol
  • Food Handling / methods
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Heterocyclic Compounds / analysis
  • Heterocyclic Compounds / chemistry*
  • Hot Temperature
  • Humans
  • Meat / analysis*
  • Spices
  • Taste
  • Wine


  • Amines
  • Antioxidants
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Heterocyclic Compounds
  • Ethanol