Autoimmune hepatitis in children in Eastern Denmark

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012 Oct;55(4):376-9. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182602b20.

Abstract

Objectives: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) in childhood is a progressive chronic inflammatory liver disease. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and biochemical characteristics of 33 paediatric patients diagnosed as having AIH with earlier described cohorts, and to examine the effect of early treatment strategies on the course of disease.

Methods: A population-based cohort of patients from January 1993 to September 2009 was identified prospectively, and the patient data were collected by a retrospective examination of the files.

Results: Twenty-nine patients had type 1 AIH, 2 had type 2, and 2 could not be categorised. Among the 33 children, 16 (48.5%) were girls and 17 (51.5%) were boys. Twenty-three (69.7%) of the patients had symptoms at presentation indistinguishable from acute viral hepatitis, but in 16 (69.6%) of those the liver biopsy showed cirrhosis. Twenty (60.6%) patients were treated with prednisolone and azathioprine at the time of remission, whereas 8 (24.2%) were treated with prednisolone. One (3%) patient did not experience remission during the observation period.

Conclusions: The patients in our study appeared similar to previously published cohorts, although a female predominance was not observed. Our data suggest that early treatment including both prednisolone and azathioprine could be more effective than prednisolone alone, even if randomised controlled paediatric studies comparing these 2 different treatment regimens are needed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Azathioprine / therapeutic use*
  • Biopsy
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Hepatitis, Autoimmune* / complications
  • Hepatitis, Autoimmune* / drug therapy
  • Hepatitis, Autoimmune* / pathology
  • Hepatitis, Viral, Human
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Infant
  • Liver / pathology*
  • Liver Cirrhosis* / drug therapy
  • Liver Cirrhosis* / epidemiology
  • Liver Cirrhosis* / etiology
  • Male
  • Prednisolone / therapeutic use*
  • Prevalence
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sex Factors

Substances

  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Prednisolone
  • Azathioprine