The role of anti-Müllerian hormone in female fertility and infertility - an overview

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2012 Nov;91(11):1252-60. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0412.2012.01471.x.


Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) plasma levels reflect the continuous non-cyclic growth of small follicles, thereby mirroring the size of the resting primordial follicle pool and thus acting as a useful marker of ovarian reserve. Anti-Müllerian hormone seems to be the best endocrine marker for assessing the age-related decline of the ovarian pool in healthy women; thus, it has a potential ability to predict future reproductive lifespan. The most established role for AMH measurements is before in vitro fertilization is initiated, because AMH can be predictive of the ovarian response, namely poor and hyper-responses. However, recent research has also highlighted the use of AMH in a variety of ovarian pathological conditions, including polycystic ovary syndrome, granulosa cell tumors and premature ovarian failure. A new commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for measuring AMH levels has been developed, making results from different studies more comparable. Nevertheless, widespread clinical application awaits an international standard for AMH, so that results using future assays can be reliably compared.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Mullerian Hormone / blood*
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Female
  • Fertility
  • Fertilization in Vitro
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / blood
  • Live Birth
  • Oocytes / physiology
  • Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome / blood
  • Ovary / metabolism
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / blood
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome


  • Biomarkers
  • Anti-Mullerian Hormone