Effect of juice and fermented vinegar from Hovenia dulcis peduncles on chronically alcohol-induced liver damage in mice

Food Funct. 2012 Jun;3(6):628-34. doi: 10.1039/c2fo10266h.

Abstract

The protective effects of juice and fermented vinegar from Hovenia dulcis peduncles on chronically ethanol-induced biochemical changes in male mice were investigated. Administration of ethanol (50%, v/v, 10 mL kg⁻¹) to mice for 6 weeks induced liver damage with a significant increase (P < 0.01) of the liver index, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), gamma glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) in the serum and the hepatic lipid peroxidation (LPO) level. In contrast, administration of juice or fermented vinegar from Hovenia dulcis peduncles (10 mL kg⁻¹ bw) along with alcohol significantly (P < 0.05) decreased the activities of the enzymes (AST, ALT and γ-GT), liver index, concentrations of triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TCH) in the serum and the hepatic TG and LPO levels. Mice treated with juice or fermented vinegar from Hovenia dulcis peduncles showed better profiles of the antioxidant systems with relatively higher glutathione (GSH) content, total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities. All these results were accompanied by histological observations in liver. The results demonstrate that both of the juice and fermented vinegar from Hovenia dulcis peduncles have beneficial effects in reducing the adverse effect of alcohol.

MeSH terms

  • Acetic Acid / administration & dosage*
  • Acetic Acid / analysis
  • Alanine Transaminase / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases / metabolism
  • Beverages / analysis*
  • Beverages / microbiology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Ethanol / adverse effects
  • Fermentation
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects
  • Liver Diseases, Alcoholic / drug therapy*
  • Liver Diseases, Alcoholic / enzymology
  • Liver Diseases, Alcoholic / etiology
  • Liver Diseases, Alcoholic / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Plant Extracts / administration & dosage*
  • Plant Extracts / analysis
  • Rhamnaceae / chemistry*
  • Rhamnaceae / microbiology
  • gamma-Glutamyltransferase / metabolism

Substances

  • Plant Extracts
  • Ethanol
  • gamma-Glutamyltransferase
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases
  • Alanine Transaminase
  • Glutathione
  • Acetic Acid