The prevalence of death ideation and attempted suicide and the associated risk factors in Isparta, Turkey

Turk Psikiyatri Derg. Summer 2012;23(2):89-98.

Abstract

Objective: Suicide is a complex process from the initiation of ideation to planning, and finally to an attempt. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of death ideation, attempted suicide, and the associated risk factors in Isparta, Turkey.

Materials and methods: The study included 600 participants aged 18-65 years representative of the population of central Isparta that were selected via the stratified simple randomized sampling method. The participants were administered a questionnaire for collecting demographic data, and the participant's experiences of death ideations and suicide attempts, and the clinical version of SCID were used.

Results: The lifetime prevalence of attempted suicide and death ideations was 4.3% and 27.5%, respectively. Death ideas and attempted suicide were both more prevalent among women and younger adults. All those that attempted suicide were exposed to a stress factor prior to the attempt. The rates of death ideation and attempted suicide were lower among the participants that had children. A family history of attempted suicide was associated with an increase in the frequency of death ideations and attempted suicide. Attempted suicide and death ideas were more common among those with major depressive disorder. Generalized anxiety disorder was observed significantly more frequently among those that had attempted suicide. Panic disorder and a specific phobia were also significantly associated with death ideation.

Conclusion: The present study's findings indicate that there were common risk factors for attempted suicide and death ideations in the study group. Determination of the prevalence of attempted suicide and death ideation in a population, identification of the associated risk factors and assessment of their relationship to mental disorders can facilitate a better understanding of suicidal behaviour.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / epidemiology*
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Suicidal Ideation*
  • Suicide, Attempted / psychology
  • Suicide, Attempted / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Turkey / epidemiology