Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) belongs to a group of autoimmune diseases affecting the axial skeleton. Beside thehla-b*27allele, several other human genes that control the variety processes of immune homeostasis are considered to be associated with AS manifestation in different human populations. Among strong associated non-MHC geneserap1 encodingthe endoplasmic reticulum aminopeptidase 1 isoform was recently identified by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) meta analysis. In our study we inspected the genetic association of five non-synonymous coding SNPs fromerap1 withAS in Caucasians. We implemented the SSP-PCR system for precise genotyping of 87hla-b*27positive AS patients and 77hla-b*27healthy donors from the Russian population. Considerable differences in allele's frequencies within patients vs control cohort were shown for 3 of 5 SNPs under investigation. Using the EM-algorhitm we reconstructed 3-marker haplotypes that distinguish with high probability two cohorts due to differences in the haplotypes frequencies. In such a way both the sensitive, CCT, haplotype and the protective, TTC, one were predicted. To verify the calculation we determined genuine frequencies of 5-marker haplotypes in AS cohort by haplotyping of individual cDNA samples using improved SSP-PCR primer set. We demonstrated that the frequencies ofin silicareconstucted haplotypes and the frequencies of experimentally detected haplotypes are in a good agreement. Frequency of the risk haplotype CCT (rs17482078/10050860/2287987) detected within AS cohort reaches 88%, as well as the frequency calculated by EM-algorhitm.
Keywords: allele-specific PCR; aminopeptidase ERAP1; ankylosing spondylitis; human haplotypes; human single nucleotide polymorphism.